竺可桢. 1936. 冬寒是否为水灾之预兆[J]. 气象学报, 12(4):179-183, doi:10.11676/qxxb1936.029
冬寒是否为水灾之预兆
Coching Chu: Is Cold Winter the Harbinger of Summer F1ood in China?
  
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1936.029
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竺可桢  
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中文摘要:
      民国二十五年虽只过去了三个月,可是世界上各国的水灾,冰灾,雪灾已经层见迭出。元旦那天英国的泰晤士河就氾滥成灾,到了三号法国的洛淮河Loire水淹Nantes城。未几澳洲洪水为患,美国风雪成灾。一月二十九号美国东部严寒,著名的那汇格拉瀑布全部冻结。二月间我国塘沽大沽口外先後三次为凌冰所阻,输只固冻在冰块中,航运完全停顿,损失估计达四百万元,甚至要用飞机来带粮食供给轮上的旅客和水手。
英文摘要:
      The winter of 1935-1936 was the coldest on record for many places in north and central China. Temperature for winter thrae months was 1° to 2℃ below normal in the Yangtze Valley,and 30 to 40 below normal in the Yellow River Valley. Farmers as well as some of the conservancy engineers believe that a cold winter presages destructive floods next spring or summer. Even though this idea is wide spread and deep-rooted in China it is not well founded as shown by the following correlation coefficients.
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