涂长望. 1936. 东亚活动中心与我国水旱灾的关系[J]. 气象学报, 12(11):600-619, doi:10.11676/qxxb1936.080
东亚活动中心与我国水旱灾的关系
Chinese Floods and Droughis and their Relationship with the Centres of Action in the Far East
  
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1936.080
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涂长望  
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中文摘要:
      民国二十年的大水和二十三年的大旱是近百年来罕有的现象.这两次浩劫不单给与国人之生命财产以重大创伤,同时也成功了中国气象研究上最感迫切的中心问题.关於这两次水旱巨灾刘治华朱炳海,两先生曾先後撰文阐明了致灾的天气因素和原理.当时因收集国外气象材料颇费时日,他们的敍述就不得不偏重於国内的天气情形,不过在讨论中他们也曾顾及到东亚天气的影响,尤其是日本海的高压和亲潮寒流.
英文摘要:
      Abstract.By analysing the causes of the great flood of 1931 and the severe drought of 1934 the author found that (1) the number of continental shallow depreessions,(2) the intensity of the Japanese high pressure and the time of its southward migration and (3) the intensity of the Pacific high pressure were closely related with the flood and the drought.The greater number of shallow depressions in the summer of 1931 and a well developed high pressure over the sea of Japan blocking the tracks of these depressions were directly responsible for the disaslrous flood in the Yangtze valley.On the other hand the drought of 1934 was the result of the interaction of the following causes:(1) too few cyclones in the summer,(2) a weak Japanese high pressure and its too early arrival in the sea of Japan and(3)a strong Pacific high pressre.
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