刘匡南,邬鸿勋. 1956. 近五年东亚夏季自然天气季节的划分及夏季特征的初步探讨[J]. 气象学报, 27(3):219-242, doi:10.11676/qxxb1956.017
近五年东亚夏季自然天气季节的划分及夏季特征的初步探讨
A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE DETERMINATION OF NATURAL SYNOPTIC SUMMER SEASON OVER ASIATIC NATURAL SYNOPTIC REGION AND THE PREVAILING WEATHER PROCESS IN THIS SEASON
投稿时间:1956-05-26  
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1956.017
中文关键词:  
英文关键词:
基金项目:
作者单位
刘匡南 中国科学院地球物理研究所 
邬鸿勋 中国科学院地球物理研究所 
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中文摘要:
      本文根据1951-1955年五年高空和地面的资料,对夏季过程进行了分析,得到下面几点结果:1.在东亚地区的四个主要经度带上以65°,120°和140°经度带的500毫巴强西风中心的位置和强度变化,对东亚自然天气季节的划分是最良好的指标.东经65°经度带上南边低纬度强西风的消失是梅雨期开始前的征兆.东经140°经度带上强西风在北纬40°以南消失时是夏季开始的征兆.和它相关联的过程是东亚高空大槽的消失和太平洋副热带高压带北移至30°-40°纬度带间,这个期间平均是在7月13日左右,也是江南梅雨结束的时候.故梅雨是夏季以前的盛行过程,它和500毫巴强西风区或锋区是有密切的联系的.2.东经140°经度带上500毫巴强西风在北纬30°-40°重现时,是夏季结束秋季开始的征兆,和它相关连的天气过程是在该经度带上高空大槽重新建立,地面大陆冷高压从新地岛东部向东南下达华北地区.这个时间平均是在9月5日左右.故东亚夏季的长度平均仅55日.3.从500毫巴强西风在各经度带上出现的情况来看,一般是西部比东部消失得早,出现得迟,不如冬季那样先在上游首先建立,在春夏之交这种相反的演变,似非地形的分支可以解释的.
英文摘要:
      The synoptic process on 500mb over Asiatic natural synoptic region have been analized for 5 summers.The results are given below:1.The variation of the position and strength of the maximum westerly wind belt at 500mb surface along four meridians 65°E,105°E,120°E,140°E gives a good index in determing the natural synoptic seasons over Eastern Asiatic synoptic natural region.The disappearence of the low latitude westerly wind maximum along 65°E is the first indication of the beginning of Bai-Ü period.When the westerlies wind maximum belt to the south of 40°N completely disappears along 140°E summer begins.This is accompanied with the filling of the Asiatic main trough over Japan and the Northward shift of the Pacific subtropical high pressure belt from low latitudes to 30°-40°N.The mean date on which summer begins is nearly on 13th,July.It is also the end of Bai-Ü over middle Yangtze river.Thence the synoptic process in Bai-Ü period is the prevailing process before summer season.The precipitation in this period is closely related to the strength of the maximum wind belt i.e.socalled frontal zone.
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