徐淑英. 1958. 我国的水汽输送和水份平衡[J]. 气象学报, 29(1):33-43, doi:10.11676/qxxb1958.005
我国的水汽输送和水份平衡
WATER-VAPOUR TRANSFER AND WATER BALANCE OVER THE EASTERN CHINA
投稿时间:1957-11-04  
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1958.005
中文关键词:  
英文关键词:
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作者单位
徐淑英 中国科学院地球物理研究所 
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中文摘要:
      本文利用1956年1月和7月探空和测风纪录,计算了我国东部大陆的水汽输送和7月的水份平衡.随着季风环流的转变,我国水汽输送冬夏有显著的不同.但无论冬夏均以南方海洋输入的水汽为最主要.在水汽的总输送量中,涡流输送一般只佔次要地位.最大涡流输送位于我国中部,冬季它与高压移动路径一致,夏季与极锋平均位置相合.1956年7月我国大陆是个水汽源地,蒸腾量大于降水量.
英文摘要:
      Using radio-soundings and pilot ballon wind observations of January and July 1956, the water vapour transfer and water balance over Eastern China are calculated.Together with the seasonal variations of monsoon circulation, the transfer of water vapour in summer is quite different from that in winter. However, in both seasons the inflow of water vapour from the south are much more tmportant than that either from west or from north. In comparison with the Total transfer, the eddy transfer in general is less important, but it is relatively remarkable along the frequent paths of disturbances in the said season. During month of July 1956, this continent is shown to be a water source Evapotransporation is larger than precipitation.
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