汤懋苍,许曼春. 1986. 祁连山区气温的气候特征[J]. 气象学报, 44(3):265-274, doi:10.11676/qxxb1986.038
祁连山区气温的气候特征
THE CLIMATIC CHARACTERISTIC OF AIR TEMPERATURE IN THE QI-LIAN MOUNTAIN (NANSHAN)
投稿时间:1984-11-01  修订日期:1985-06-01
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1986.038
中文关键词:  
英文关键词:
基金项目:
作者单位
汤懋苍 中国科学院兰州高原大气所 
许曼春 中国科学院兰州高原大气所 
摘要点击次数: 1523
全文下载次数: 1503
中文摘要:
      根据1961-1980年的资料,分别用“地形平滑法”和“高度订正法”做出了祁连山区各月平均的温度分布图,发现冬季山区西段冷于东段,夏季反之。冬季和夜间在海拔2000-2500m之间的外围山麓有一相对“暖带”存在,冬季在青海湖尚未冻结以前,湖区气温比四周要高出1-2℃。与假想的无山地存在时的“自由大气”相比,冬季的夜晚山地温度要低10-15℃,夏季的下午要高出5℃左右。
英文摘要:
      Using the climatic data of 1961-1980 the monthly mean air temperature maps are analysed by the "topographic smooth method" and the "altitude reducing method" in the Qi-Lian mountainous area. It is shown that the west part.of the mountain is cooler than the east part during the winter, and conversed in the summer. There is a "warm belt" surrounding the mountain between the 2000-2500m. a. s. 1.during the winter and the night time. The air temperature of the Qing-Hai lake is higher 1-2℃ than the surrounding areas at the winter time before the lake being frozen. In contrast with the "free atmosphere", the surface air temperature of the mountain is lower 10-15℃ in the winter's night time and higher about 5℃ in the summer's afternoon.
HTML   查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
分享按钮