施文全,徐家骝. 1986. 雹块微物理和雹云单体关系的初步探讨[J]. 气象学报, 44(3):357-362, doi:10.11676/qxxb1986.050
雹块微物理和雹云单体关系的初步探讨
A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN HAIL-MICROPHYSICS AND HAILSTORM CELLS
投稿时间:1984-02-06  修订日期:1985-03-25
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1986.050
中文关键词:  
英文关键词:
基金项目:
作者单位
施文全 新疆气象局 
徐家骝 兰州大学 
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中文摘要:
      雹块微结构中包含着有关雹块在云内生长情况和雹云本身的某些信息。它们之间的关系有些已被认识,更多的还没有被人们所认识。为揭示雹块微物理和雹云单体的相互关系,1982年夏天我们在新疆昭苏地区开展了雹块微结构和雹云宏观特征的配合探测,取得了一定数量资料。本文根据同年7月4个降雹日(7日、13日、16日、19日)的雷达回波和500多个冰雹切片资料,着重分析了冰雹的胚胎类型,提出了比较细微的雹胚分类标准;并在这个基础上,研究了雹胚类型统计特征和雹云单体的关系,发现复合单体和弱单体的雹胚类型分布有着较明显的差别。
英文摘要:
      The thin-sections of more than 500 hailstones, which were collected from four hailstorm cases in the west mountain area of Xinjiang during summer in 1982,are analyzed.Detailed classification of hailstone embryos is made according to their air bubble and crystal structure and the relationships between the statistical characteristics of the embryo type distributions and hailstorm cells are studied. It is found that there exist clear differences between the embryo type distributions in weak cells and those in complex cells.
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