申绍华,陈受钧. 1993. 沙尘辐射强迫锋生过程的数值模拟[J]. 气象学报, 51(3):283-294, doi:10.11676/qxxb1993.038
沙尘辐射强迫锋生过程的数值模拟
THE NUMERLCAL SIMULATION OF FRON-TOGENESIS PROCESS FORCED BY DUST RADIATIVE HEATING
投稿时间:1992-09-02  
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1993.038
中文关键词:  沙尘暴  辐射  锋生
英文关键词:Duststorm  Radiation  Frontogenesis
基金项目:高等学校博土点科研基金,项目编号:9200125
作者单位
申绍华 国家海洋环境预报中心 北京 100081 
陈受钧 北京大学地球物理系 100871 
摘要点击次数: 1800
全文下载次数: 1979
中文摘要:
      本文分别利用二和三维数值模式研究了沙尘暴辐射强迫的锋生过程和孤立的沙尘暴单体辐射加热对锋面环流系统的影响。结果表明:沙尘爆发时,沙尘辐射加热在大气低层导致锋生,在大气中层产生一明显的等熵位温层。水平速度场在沿锋面移动方向表现出明显的辐合(散)特征。晚上,沙尘辐射冷却导致大气低层锋消。孤立的沙尘暴单体辐射加热在盛行风方向强迫出一个明显的垂直环流圈,它在白天较强,晚上较弱和反向。水平风场对沙尘的辐射强迫响应在不同高度上是不同的。
英文摘要:
      In this paper, the frontogenesis process forced by dust radiative heating and effect of radiative heating of an isolation duststorm on the frontal circution system are investigated by two- and three-dimension numerical models. The results show that as the duststorm outbreak, the radiative heating results in frontogenesis in lower troposhere layer in daytime and produces an obvious isentropic mixed layer above duststorm center. The horizontal velocity field along the direction of front movement displays the characteristics of typical convergence pattern. At night, the frontolysis occurs due to the radiative cooling of dust. An obvious vertical circulation along large-scale wind direction is forced by the radiative heating of the isolated duststorm. The vertical circulation is stronger in daytime and become weaker at night. The direction of the vertical circulatior in daytime is opposite to that at night. The response of the horizontal wind.fields on radiative heating from dust are different at different heights.
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