李国庆,谷修涵. 1997. 南极地区的大气环流流体物理实验[J]. 气象学报, 55(2):163-173, doi:10.11676/qxxb1997.018
南极地区的大气环流流体物理实验
PHYSICAL MODELLING EXPERIMENTS OF TOPOGRAPHICAL AND THERMAL EFFECTS ON ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION IN VICINITY OF ANTARCTICA
投稿时间:1995-12-28  修订日期:1996-02-14
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1997.018
中文关键词:  旋转流体实验  地形及热力影响  南极地区大气环流
英文关键词:Rotating fluid experiment  Topographic and thermal effect  Atmospheric circulation over Antarctic region
基金项目:南极科学考察项目
作者单位
李国庆 中国科学院大气物理研究所, 北京, 100080 
谷修涵 中国科学院大气物理研究所, 北京, 100080 
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中文摘要:
      通过流体物理实验,研究南极地形及冷源对大气环流的影响。正压流体实验表明,由于地形动力强迫,在南极大陆沿岸及以北地区生成气旋性涡旋带,有3个低压中心。在地形上空生成巨大的反气旋。斜压流体实验表明,东移“行星波”的波数及波形有准周期低频振荡,其振荡周期相当于地球大气系统中的21d.东移的槽在110°E以东逐渐发展,在160°W的罗斯海附近发展得最深,再往东则逐渐减弱。
英文摘要:
      Numerous physical fluid experiments have been performed to study effect sof Antarctic to pography andits surface cooling on the atmospheric circulation in vincinity of Antarctica. The primary dynamical similarity parameters in the experiments are thermal Rossby number ROT and Taylor number Ta. The experiments show that in condition with experimental parameters close to the at mosphere, a divergent drainage at low level and a polar vortexat middle-high levels form in the fluid. The polar vortex includes three-four troughs travelling east ward around polar circle, and form a wavelike structure of planetary circulation around Antarctica periphery. It is found that there is a low frequency oscillation in shape and amplitude of travelling waves. The period of this oscillation is equivalent to 21 days in the earth's at mosphere system. The east ward travelling troughs gradually develop from longitude of 110°E, and become most developed at longitude of 160°Wnear Ross Sea, and then gradually weaken futhereast. The experiments show that the effects of Antar cticatopography and its surface cooling are very important in formation of At mospheric circulation feature in vicinity of Antarctica.
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