谢庄,曹鸿兴,李慧,张雷刚,陈道东. 2000. 近百余年北京气候变化的小波特征[J]. 气象学报, 58(3):362-369, doi:10.11676/qxxb2000.038
近百余年北京气候变化的小波特征
WAVELET CHARACTERISTICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN BEIJING SINCE THE 19TH CENTURY
投稿时间:1997-11-20  修订日期:1998-02-17
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2000.038
中文关键词:  气候变化  小波分析  全球增暖  旱涝趋势
英文关键词:climate change  wavelet analysis global warming drought and wetness trend
基金项目:“副热带高压带形态变异机制研究”国家自然科学基金
作者单位
谢庄 北京市气象局, 北京, 100081 
曹鸿兴 中国气象科学研究院, 北京, 100081 
李慧 北京市气象局, 北京, 100081 
张雷刚 北京市气象局, 北京, 100081 
陈道东 北京市气象局, 北京, 100081 
摘要点击次数: 2001
全文下载次数: 2692
中文摘要:
      文中对1870~1994年北京年、季平均气温,以及1841~1994年北京年、季降水序列进行了分析和小波变换计算,对所得结果进行了宏观分析。结果表明,温度增暖期和低温期与小波波幅中心间的周期增长、波幅加强相关联。降水距平绝对值越大,相应的小波周期越长和波幅越强。即小波分析在气候变化研究中显现了年与年之间、波长与波长之间的波幅变化形态与特征,从而为了解气温和降水随着年代的变化展示了一个视窗。
英文摘要:
      The annual and seasonal temperatures during 1870-1994 and the annual and seasonal precipitations during 1841-1994 are studied and calculated with the wavelet transformation in this paper.The calculation results are analyzed synoptically.The results shows that the warming term and cooling term of temperatures correspond with the period extending between wavelet amplitude centers and the strengthening of wavelet amplitude.The greater the absolute value of precipitation anomaly is,the longer the corresponding wavelet period is,as well as the stronger wavelet amplitude.Namely in climate change study,wavelet analysis can demonstrates the characteristics of the amplitude variation patterns among years and wavelet-lengths.So it exhibits a layout to understand the temperature and precipitation changes with interdecadal.
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