汤洁,周凌晞,郑向东,周秀骥,石广玉,索郎多吉. 2002. 拉萨地区夏季地面臭氧的观测和特征分析[J]. 气象学报, 60(2):221-229, doi:10.11676/qxxb2002.027
拉萨地区夏季地面臭氧的观测和特征分析
THE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF SURFACE OZONE AT LHASA SUBURB IN SUMMER 1998
投稿时间:2000-03-07  修订日期:2000-07-04
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2002.027
中文关键词:  拉萨  地面臭氧  观测  分析
英文关键词:Lhasa  Surface ozone  Observation  Analysis
基金项目:中国气象局大气化学开放实验室基金;中国国家自然科学基金(49775275)
作者单位
汤洁 中国气象科学研究院, 北京, 100081 
周凌晞 中国气象科学研究院, 北京, 100081 
郑向东 中国气象科学研究院, 北京, 100081 
周秀骥 中国气象科学研究院, 北京, 100081 
石广玉 中国科学院大气物理研究所, 北京, 100027 
索郎多吉 西藏自治区气象局, 拉萨, 850000 
摘要点击次数: 1759
全文下载次数: 2411
中文摘要:
      1998年6~9月,在西藏拉萨郊区(海拔3650m,29.65°N,91.16°E)对地面臭氧进行了连续观测。该地区夏季地面臭氧日平均浓度在10~60nL/L,夏初的浓度较高于夏季后期。地面臭氧浓度的日变化呈单峰型,峰值出现在当地时间10~18时,具有光化学过程臭氧生成的典型变化特征。局地风速、降水、太阳总辐射等气象因素的变化对地面臭氧浓度具有不同程度的影响。拉萨地区大规模宗教活动中的露天生物体燃烧,对地面臭氧浓度的增加有十分明显的贡献。
英文摘要:
      As a part of investigation study on the "Summer Ozone Valley over the Tibet an Plateau", which was found by Zhou Xiujiin 1995, continuous measurement of surfaceozone was made at Suburb of Lhasa (29.65°N, 91.16°E, 3650 m a. s. l.) from June to September of 1998. The U V photometry method was used in the mea-surement with the instrument manufactured by Thermal Environment al Co., USA. The daily mean concentration of surface ozone varied in the range of 10-60 nL/L, higher in early summer and lower in late summer. The highest monthly mean ozone concent ration is the value of 41 nL/L in June, and the lower mont hly means of 20 nL/L in A ugust and in September. T he concent rat ion of surface ozone show ed a clear diurnal variation with a pronounced max im um from 10 to 18 o'clock, and a minimum f rom 4 to 6 o'clock at local time. The difference bet ween the daytime maximum and the dawn minimum was ranging from several nL/L t o 40 nL/L, and significantly controlled by the weather conditions such as solar radiation and raining events. Both of the daily mean ozone concent rat ion and t he maximum ozone concent rat ion showed a posit ive correlation, with afact or greater than 0.5, with the amount of daily solar irradiation. Wind also gave inf luences on the ozone concentration variation. The ozone concent ration was higher at windy condition than at relatively stable condition, especially during the night time. The above facts indicat ed obv iously t he characterist ics of local phot ochemical ozone production in surface ozone variation. The unique phenomena were noted, when checked the ozone data with the local religious events schedule, that the opened biomass burning of grinded flavor vegetation in the activities through out the city promoted higher ozone concent ration by emitting more precursors locally for short period of days.
HTML   查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
分享按钮