潘宁,董超华,张文建. 2003. ATOVS辐射率资料的直接变分同化试验研究[J]. 气象学报, 61(2):226-236, doi:10.11676/qxxb2003.021
ATOVS辐射率资料的直接变分同化试验研究
THE EXPERIMENTS ON DIRECT ASSIMILATING ATOVS RADIANCE
投稿时间:2002-08-07  修订日期:2002-11-12
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2003.021
中文关键词:  数据同化  变分法  卫星辐射率  数值模拟
英文关键词:Data assimilation  Variational method  Satellite sounding radiances  Numerical simulation
基金项目:
作者单位
潘宁  
董超华  
张文建  
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中文摘要:
      文中采用增量三维变分(3D-Var)同化方法,对先进的微波探测装置(AMSUA)探测的辐射亮温资料与常规探空资料在MM5中尺度数值预报模式中的直接同化和预报进行对比试验研究。结果表明,同化AMSU-A辐射亮温资料对中高层温度分析场的影响最明显,对MM5模式的温度和水汽混合比预报有总体上的正效应,但对降水预报的改善作用不大
英文摘要:
      Two comparison experiments, i.e.NOAMSUA and AMSUA, were performed for simulating a very heavy rainstorm occurring in Wuhan City and the region to its east in 21-22 July 1998.In Exp.NOAMSUA, radiosonde observations were assimilated while in Exp.AMSU-A radiosonde observations and brightness temperatures of NOAA-15 AMSU-A channels 4-14 were assimilated simult aneously.Then the assimilation analyses of the both comparison experiments were taken respectively as initial conditions of numerical prediction model for simulating that process.In this paper, an incremental three-dimensional variational(3D-Var) method was used as data assimilation method.The MM5 mesoscale model(version 3) act ed as assimilat ion model and predict ion model as well.The analysis increments of Exp.A MSU A w ere compared with that of Exp.NOAMSUA, so did the forecast results.The comparisons in terms of the analysis increments showed that direct assimilating the AMSU-A bright ness temperatures adjusted the temperature backg round of the mid and upper troposphere more distinctly.The result is attributed to the temperature information of the mid and upper layers in Exp.AMSUA being enriched by the addition of t he AMSU-A channels 4-14 measurements, which could only detect temperature above 700 hPa except channe l4 detecting surface at mospheric temperature.The simulation results showed that the forecasts of temperature and mixing ratio of water vapor were generally better in Exp.AMSUA than in Exp.NOAMSUA.It was also found that in each experiment, the simulation of the major influencing weather systems in the heavy rainstorm process, the low-level south west vortex and the cold shear was preferable, and the predicted areas and grades of heavy rains somew hat fitted to the real time rainf alls.But all the precipitation forecasts of Exp.AMSUA seem not superior to that of Exp.NOAMSUA, which may also result from few information on humidity being contained in the AMSU-A measurements.
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