廉毅,沈柏竹,高枞亭. 2004. 关于确定东亚夏季风强度指数的探讨[J]. 气象学报, 62(6):782-789, doi:10.11676/qxxb2004.074
关于确定东亚夏季风强度指数的探讨
AN EXPLORATION ON THE DETERMINATION OF EAST ASIA SUMMER MONSOON INDEX
投稿时间:2003-09-03  修订日期:2003-11-03
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2004.074
中文关键词:  东亚夏季风  指数  建立和撤退  中国夏季降水
英文关键词:East Asian summer monsoon index  Establishment and withdrawal  China’s summer precipitation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40275019);中国气象局科研重点项目"现代气候变化对吉林省西部荒漠化影响的监测和评估研究";吉林省重点课题(20020417,2000020506,990218)
作者单位
廉毅 吉林省气象科学研究所, 长春 130062 
沈柏竹 吉林省气象科学研究所, 长春 130062 
高枞亭 吉林省气象科学研究所, 长春 130062 
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中文摘要:
      文中利用作者曾定义的东亚夏季风在中国东北地区(122.5°E,40°N)的建立标准,根据相同的方法,分别计算了沿112.5,117.5,和122.5°E上,20°N及以北每隔5个纬度东亚夏季风建立、持续和撤退时间(候),将某年持续和多年平均持续候数相比的标准化值,定义为一种沿某一经圈上某一纬度的东亚夏季风强度指数ISMΦ,还分析了该指数与中国夏季降水量场和500hPa高度场的相关。
英文摘要:
      In this paper,NCEP/NCAR 1948-2002 daily reanalysis data and monthly rain data in 151 stations archived in NCC were used to calculate the date of est ablishment and with drawal of East Asia summer monsoon at every 5 latitude (north of 20°N) along 112.5,117.5 and 122.5°E as well.The met hod is similar to the criterion of establishment and withdrawal of East Asia summer monsoon in Northeast China defined by us.Amean date [pentad] map of est ablishment and withdraw al of East Asian summer monsoon is drawn,an index of East Asia summer monsoon at a certain latitude along a certain longitude,ISM,is defined,and its relationship with summer precipitation and 500 hP a height in China was calculated.the results indicate that:(1) The mean pen-tads of establishment of East Asia summer monsoon at 20,25,30,35 and 40°N along 117.5°E are 27.26,28.54,34.43,37.12 and 37.65 respectively,and the mean pentads of its with drawal are 54.44,53.69,51.85,48 and 46.76 respectively.The determined pentad of establishment of East Asia summer monsoon in north of South China Sea(117.5°E,20°N),is coincident with the 4th pentad in Mayrecog nized by China scholar.(2) The mean date of East Asia summer monsoon establishment at the same latitude is not the same along 112.5,117.5 and 122.5°E,early in east part and preceding 1-2 pentad every 5 longitude.But the mean date distribution of its withdrawal (30°N and north of it) is opposite,first withdrawal in eastpart.
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