庄照荣,薛纪善,朱宗申 ,李兴良 . 2006. 非线性平衡方案在三维变分同化系统中的应用[J]. 气象学报, 64(2):137-148, doi:10.11676/qxxb2006.014
非线性平衡方案在三维变分同化系统中的应用
APPLICATION OF NONLINEAR BALANCE SCHEME IN THREE DIMENSIONAL VARIATIONAL DATA ASSIMILATION
投稿时间:2005-03-09  修订日期:2005-07-10
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2006.014
中文关键词:  变分同化,非线性平衡方程,背景误差协方差
英文关键词:Variational data assimilation, Nonlinear balance equation, Background covariance.
基金项目:国家自然科学基金“四维变分同化中物理过程的研究”(40175028),国家“十 五”科技攻关计划项目(2004BA607B)
作者单位
庄照荣 中国气象科学研究院北京100081 中国科学院研究生院本部北京100049 
薛纪善 中国气象科学研究院北京100081 
朱宗申 中国气象科学研究院北京100081 
李兴良 中国气象科学研究院北京100081 南京信息工程大学南京210044 
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中文摘要:
      文章考虑气流出现明显的弯曲和辐合时,资料变分同化方案中的风压场间动力学约束问题。在强涡旋、锋面等剧烈变化的系统中,地转平衡和线性平衡方程均不能很好地描述风压场关系,非线性平衡方程考虑了流场曲率的作用,能更恰当地反映风压场的关系。把非线性平衡方案应用于三维变分同化分析系统中,可以得到和天气形势相关联的模式变量背景误差协方差,因而对热带气旋进行同化试验后得到的分析场更协调。结果表明,非线性平衡方程的应用,可以提高强涡旋系统中三维变分同化分析场的质量,因而对热带气旋强度预报有一定的改善。
英文摘要:
      In the multivariate analysis, for the practical solution, the variables are divi ded as the balance parts and the unbalance parts with the constraint between the variables. The unbalance parts are designed as analysis variables. So the balan ce operator is very important to analysis and it will be represented in backgrou nd error covariance. In simple analysis, the relationship of the wind and the ge opotential height field can be described by geostrophic or linear balance equati on. The wind and geopotential height field can obey geostrophic balance properly to synoptic scale in middle and high latitude and the difference of geostrophic wind and gradient wind is no more than 10%—15%. However, the impact of nonline ar term in balance equation must be considered, for the geostrophic and linear b alance can not properly descript the relationship between wind and geopotential height in tropic cyclone system in low latitude where Coriolis parameter is smaller, shear wind is bigger and the curvature is bigger. The impact of nonlinear term in balance equation must be considered in other rapidly changing structures such as frontal structures. The impact of stream divergence and convergence in the relationship of balance b etween wind and geopotential height field is considered, the every term's contri bution in balance equation is compared, nonlinear balance constraint in 3D Var is applied and checking on nonlinear balance scheme and its adjoint scheme are pr ocessed.For comparing the linear and nonlinear balance scheme in 3D-Var, single observation test and the analysis in two tropic cyclone systems are processed. The conclusion as follows: (1) The large scale atmospheric flow obeys quasi-geostrophic balance in middle high latitude, but the term and the nonlinear term should be considered i n lo w latitude and vortex system. The nonlinear term in balance equation is the bigg est and more important when the vortex system is more intensive and the difference of geopotential height gotten from the wind by nonlinear and linear balance equation is the biggest. The nonlinear balance equation can more properly describe the relationship of wind and geopotential height. (2) In 3D Var system, the background covariance has no relationship with back gr ound field in linear balance scheme. As nonlinear balance incremental equation considers information of flow depend background, to some extend, Flow depend background covariance with nonlinear balance scheme was given. (3) Result presents that application of nonlinear balance equation improves q ua lity of assimilating hurricane system,so has some positive to pressure intensit y prediction of hurricanes.
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