吕伟涛,张义军,周秀骥,孟青,郑 栋,马 明,王 飞,陈绍东,郄秀书. 2007. 火箭触发闪电通道的亮度特征分析[J]. 气象学报, 65(6):983-993, doi:10.11676/qxxb2007.093
火箭触发闪电通道的亮度特征分析
ANALYSIS OF CHANNEL LUMINOSITY CHARACTERISTICS IN ROCKET TRIGGERED LIGHTNING
投稿时间:2006-12-26  修订日期:2007-10-08
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2007.093
中文关键词:  火箭触发闪电,高速摄像,闪电通道,亮度特征。
英文关键词:Rocket-triggered lightning, High-speed photography, Lightning channel, Luminosity characteristics.
基金项目:国家科技基础条件平台工作项目基金(2004DEA71070)、国家自然科学基金(40605004)。
作者单位
吕伟涛 (中国气象科学研究院雷电物理和防护工程实验室北京100081) 
张义军 (中国气象科学研究院雷电物理和防护工程实验室北京100081中国气象科学研究院灾害天气国家重点实验室北京100081) 
周秀骥 (中国气象科学研究院雷电物理和防护工程实验室北京100081) 
孟青 (中国气象科学研究院雷电物理和防护工程实验室北京100081) 
郑 栋 (中国气象科学研究院雷电物理和防护工程实验室北京100081) 
马 明 (中国气象科学研究院雷电物理和防护工程实验室北京100081) 
王 飞 (中国气象科学研究院雷电物理和防护工程实验室北京100081) 
陈绍东 (中国气象科学研究院雷电物理和防护工程实验室北京100081广东省防雷中心广州510080) 
郄秀书 (中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所兰州730000) 
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中文摘要:
      利用成像速率为2000幅/s的高速摄像资料,对采用不同触发方式的两次负极性闪电进行了对比分析,结果表明:空中触发方式的上行正先导的起始速度比经典触发方式的低一个量级左右,而前者的触发高度要比后者的高;闪电通道中金属导线汽化部分的余晖时间可达160—170 ms,相对来说,空气离化部分的亮度信息更能真实体现闪电通道中的电流特性。依据闪电通道亮度变化特性的差异,并结合电场变化的观测,可以将回击之后的过程分为3种类型,没有M分量的为连续衰减型,有M分量的可分为独立型和延续型两种,能够与不同类型的延续电流波形相对应。总体上看,有M分量的回击间隔比没有M分量的要长,几何平均值分别为77 ms和37 ms,有M分量的初始连续电流也会比没有M分量的持续更长的时间。回击和M分量发生前闪电通道的相对亮度存在明显的差异,回击前闪电通道的相对亮度很弱,甚至观测不到任何发光现象,而M分量发生前闪电通道仍有较强的发光。
英文摘要:
      The comparison is made between the high-speed (2000 fps) photographic data in rocket-triggered negative lightning using two techniques. The analysis shows that: the initial speed of upward positive leader (UPL) in altitude-triggered negative lightning (ATNL) is about one order of magnitude lower than that inclassical triggered negative lightning (CTNL), while the triggering height of ATNL is higher than that of CTNL; the afterglow time of metal vaporized part of the lightning channel can endure for about 160-170 ms, so the luminosity of the air-ionized part can reflect the characteristics of the current in the lightning channel better than that of the metal vaporized part. According to the different characteristics of the luminosity change of the lightning channel, together with the observation of the electric field changes,three kinds of processes after return-stroke (RS) can be distinguished: the continuous decaying type without M component, the isolated type and continuing type with M component, corresponding to different wave shapes of the continuous current. The geometric mean of the interval of RS with M component is 77 ms, longer than that (37 ms) of RS without M component. And the initial continuous current (ICC) with M component also has a longer duration than does the ICC without M component. The distinction between the relative luminosity of the lightning channel before RS and that before M component is obvious: the former is very weak or even can't be observed, while the latter is still considerable luminous.
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