刘红燕,陈洪滨,雷恒池,吴玉霞. 2008. 利用2004年北京雨滴谱资料分析降水强度和雷达反射率因子的关系[J]. 气象学报, 66(1):125-129, doi:10.11676/qxxb2008.013
利用2004年北京雨滴谱资料分析降水强度和雷达反射率因子的关系
Relationship between rain rate and radar reflectivity based on the raindrop distributiondata in Beijing during 2004.
投稿时间:2007-03-11  修订日期:2007-05-10
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2008.013
中文关键词:  DISDROMETER雨滴谱仪,降水强度,雷达反射率因子,指数关系,特征直径
英文关键词:Disdrometer, Raindrop distribution, Rain rate, Radar reflectivity factor.
基金项目:973项目“空间微波遥感地海表和大气数据验证”课题(2001CB309402)和国家基金委项目(40428006 和40227001)
作者单位
刘红燕 中国科学院大气物理研究所中层大气与探测开放实验室(LAGEO)北京100029 
陈洪滨 Laboratory for Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029China 
雷恒池 中国科学院大气物理研究所云降水物理与强风暴实验室(LACS)北京100029 
吴玉霞 中国科学院大气物理研究所云降水物理与强风暴实验室(LACS)北京100029 
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中文摘要:
      在北京2004年的45次降水过程中,基于DISDROMETER仪器测量的雨滴谱资料计算得到每次降水的降水强度R和雷达反射率因子Z。结果得到不同降水过程中,雷达反射率因子Z与降水强度R的幂指数关系中的指数b和系数a是不同的,这与不同降水过程的雨滴谱分布不同密切相关。综合分析这45次降水过程中的指数b和系数a,得到指数b和系数a呈正相关。接着,分别就指数b 和系数a与平均降水强度、平均雷达反射率因子、平均特征直径Dm和雨滴平均数密度之间的关系做了详细的讨论。另外,基于这一年的降水雨滴谱资料,讨论了Z-R幂指数关系中指数b和系数a的月变化特征。分析结果表明,从4月到12月系数a和指数b呈现逐月递减的年变化特征。最后,文章就12个个例特征直径Dm的特征进行了分析。结果显示,当特征直径Dm为常数时,Z-R关系的指数b为1。
英文摘要:
      The rain rate R and radar reflectivity factor Z were calculated based on the raindrop size distribution data of 45 precipitation events measured in Beijing during 2004 by a Disdrometer, which has 20 channels and measures the raindrop diameter from 0.35 mm to 5.0 mm. For different precipitating clouds, the relationships between R and Z, or coefficient a and exponent b, are quite different, that maybe attribute to different raindrop size distributions. At the same time, the Z-R relationship over land is also different from that over the sea. There is a positive correlation between a and b in these 45 events of precipitation. The relationship between coefficient a (or exponent b) and some physical quantities, such as rain rate R, radar reflectivity factor Z, characteristic diameter Dm and raindrop number density NT is analyzed, respectively. When R < 5mm/h, or NT < 1000 m, or Z<2000 mm6/m3, coefficient a (or exponent b) changes greatly, and when R, or NT , or Z gradually increases, coefficient a (or the exponent b) approaches to a constant value. Both coefficient a and exponent b decreased from April to December in 2004. Moreover, the characteristics of Dm derived from the raindrop size distribution data of 12 precipitations are analyzed, and the results show that there is a linear correlation between R and Z, in other words, exponent b is 1, when Dm is a constant.
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