何花,聂绩,谭本馗. 2009. 北半球冬季风暴轴与ENSO循环的关系及其能量平衡特征[J]. 气象学报, 67(2):210-217, doi:10.11676/qxxb2009.021
北半球冬季风暴轴与ENSO循环的关系及其能量平衡特征
Northern Hemisphere storm tracks in winter seasons and their energy budgets during the ENSO events.
投稿时间:2008-04-14  修订日期:2008-05-16
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2009.021
中文关键词:  北半球风暴轴,ENSO循环,能量转换,天气尺度波,行星尺度波
英文关键词:Northern Hemisphere storm tracks, ENSO cycle, Energy conversion, Planetary-scale eddies, Synoptic-scale eddies
基金项目:国家自然科学重点基金项目(40533016)
作者单位
何花 北京大学物理学院大气科学系北京100871 
聂绩 北京大学物理学院大气科学系北京100871 
谭本馗 北京大学物理学院大气科学系北京100871 
摘要点击次数: 2733
全文下载次数: 2033
中文摘要:
      利用欧洲中期天气预报中心的再分析资料,分析了北半球冬季对流层上层300 hPa面上风暴轴与ENSO循环的关系并分析了风暴轴的能量平衡特征。研究表明,由于El Ni?o年北太平洋的哈德莱环流增强,导致北太平洋西风急流向赤道和向东伸展,并进而引起了北太平洋风暴轴的增强并向赤道和向东伸展;而La Nina年事件期间情形正好相反。在北大西洋,在El Ni?o年其西风急流中心最大值有所减小,但整个西风急流区域有所扩大并向西和向赤道伸展,相应北大西洋风暴轴强度在El Ni?o年也有所减弱并向西和向赤道方向伸展;La Nina事件的情形正好相反。 能量分析表明,斜压转换的正值中心位于风暴轴及其上游区域。在El Ni?o年,北太平洋斜压转换的正值中心向赤道和向下游伸展,而北大西洋的斜压转换的正值中心向赤道和向西伸展,这与北太平洋风暴轴和北大西洋风暴的变化趋势是一致的。行星尺度扰动对斜压转换的贡献比天气尺度扰动的贡献要小,而行星尺度-天气尺度扰动的相互作用项对斜压转换的贡献更小。研究还表明,能量的正压转换的正中心位于风暴轴的上游,负中心位于风暴轴区域。相对于La Nina年,El Ni?o年北太平洋东部的正压转换负值中心偏北,北美的正值中心位置偏南,而北大西洋的负值中心强度减弱范围变小。这些变化与从La Nina年到El Ni?o年北太平洋和北大西洋风暴轴的变化是一致的。在能量的正压转换过程中,天气尺度扰动的贡献要大于行星尺度扰动,而行星尺度-天气尺度扰动的相互作用项的贡献更小。
英文摘要:
      The relationship between Northern Hemisphere storm tracks at 300 hPa and the ENSO cycle, and the energetics of the storm tracks in winter seasons have been analyzed using ECMWF data. It is shown that during the El Ni?o events, the local Hadley circulation over the eastern Pacific is strengthened, and the Pacific jet extends equator ward and eastward, which causes the Pacific storm track to extend equator ward and eastward, while the La Nina events mark the opposite shifts. In the Atlantic region, during the El Ni?o events, the maximum wind of the Atlantic westerly jet decreases as the jet extends westward and equator ward, correspondingly, the Atlantic storm track also extends westward and equator ward, and weakens. The reverse is true for the La Nina events. The energy budget analysis shows that the baroclinic conversions are positive over the storm tracks and their upstream regions. During the El Ni?o events, the positive center of baroclinic conversion over the Pacific extends downstream and equator ward, whereas the positive center over the Atlantic extends westward and equator ward, which are in agreement with the shifts of the Pacific and Atlantic storm tracks. The baroclinic conversion due to the planetary-scale eddies is smaller than that due to the synoptic-scale eddies, and the baroclinic conversion due to the interaction of planetary-scale and synoptic-scale eddies is the smallest. It is also shown that the positive barotropic conversion centers are located upstream of the storm tracks while the negative centers are located in the storm track regions. During the El Ni?o events, the Pacific negative barotropic conversion center shifts poleward, the North American positive center shifts southward, and the Atlantic negative center weakens and becomes smaller. These are in agreement with the changes of the Pacific and Atlantic storm tracks. The barotropic conversion due to the synoptic-scale eddies is larger than that due to the planetary-scale eddies, and the contribution from the interaction between the planetary-scale and synoptic-scale eddies is very small.
HTML   查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
分享按钮