赵煜飞,李建平. 2009. AMIP模式对大气经向质量输送的模拟评估[J]. 气象学报, 67(6):983-991, doi:10.11676/qxxb2009.095
AMIP模式对大气经向质量输送的模拟评估
Evaluation of AMIP models on simulating atmospher ic mass meridional tranport
投稿时间:2008-12-02  修订日期:2009-03-23
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2009.095
中文关键词:  质量通量,模式评估,季节变化,大气环流模式比较计划(AMIP)
英文关键词:Mass flux, Model evaluation, Annual cycle, Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP)
基金项目:国家重点基础发展规划项目(2006CB403600)、国家自然科学基金项目( 40821092)和公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY200706005)
作者单位
赵煜飞 国家气象信息中心北京100081中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室北京100029 
李建平 中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室北京100029 
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中文摘要:
      从描述南、北半球间大气经向质量传输的角度入手,考察IPCC第4次评估报告提供的8个AMIP大气环流模式对越赤道质量通量输送的模拟性能。结果表明:NCAR、MPI和UKMO模式模拟出的越赤道整层大气质量通量与观测大体相一致;MIROC3模拟的整层大气质量通量年循环与观测结果相去甚远,尤其在夏季模拟出较强的虚假向北大气质量输送;IAP模拟的整层大气质量通量年循环方向与观测结果在7个月份中相反;把垂直大气分为4层,各模式对700 hPa以下(I1)和300—70 hPa(I3)两层质量通量的模拟能力普遍较好;对700—300 hPa层(I2)质量通量模拟结果偏差较大;除MIROC3外,其余模式基本能够模拟出70—10 hPa(I4)大气质量通量的季节变化。显然,不仅南、北半球间大气存在质量交换,越过其他纬度同样存在着经向大气质量输送,无论冬季、夏季还是年平均,各模式对越过其他纬度(60°S—60°N)经向大气质量输送的模拟结果与观测差异明显。整体权衡,UKMO_HADGEM1在模拟越赤道大气质量通量方面表现突出,MPI_ECHAM5模式优势较明显;NCAR、GISS和GFDL三个模式在某些压力层内具有较好的模拟水平;MIROC模式对整层、700—300 hPa层的模拟能力较低,而对700 hPa以下层和300—70 hPa层的模拟水平较高;IAP_FGOALS和CNRM模式在模拟越赤道大气质量通量方面存在一定的不足。
英文摘要:
      By regarding ERA40 reanalysis which is more authentic as observation, the simulation capabilities of 8 AMIP AGCMs provided by IPCC AR4 (CNRM_CM3, GISS_MODEL_E_R, GFDL_CM2_1, IAP_FGOALS1_0_G, NCAR_CCSM3_0, MIROC3_2_MEDRES, MPI_ECHAM5 and UKMO_HADGEM1) have been evaluated and compared, which focus on the zonal mean meridional atmospheric mass flux across the equator for the whole and four divided levels. It illuminates that the simulations of NCAR, MPI and UKMO are closer to the observation about the whole level atmospheric mass transport. The annual cycle of whole level atmospheric mass flux simulated in MIROC3 presents notable differences with observation. Especially, irreal northern mass flux occurs in summer. IAP has opposite direction of mass flux from observation in 7 months of an annual cycle. Because of the wide horizontal and vertical range, the reasons are uncertain of lacking abilities on modeling atmospheric mass transport across the equator for the whole level, but then the lower resolution is one of the reasons besides the dynamics frame and parameterization procedures. Dividing the whole atmosphere into four layers by 700 hPa, 300 hPa and 70 hPa, the atmospheric mass transport concentrates at 700 hPa-ps and 70-300 hPa cross the equator. The 8 models have better simulation abilities at the layers of 700 hPa-ps (I1) and 70-300 hPa (I3) uniformly, which may probably relates with the easiness of describing atmosphere dynamic process at lower and upper troposphere, nevertheless there are more differences between the 8 AGCMs at the layer of 300-700 hPa (I2). Except MIROC3, the other models have the abilities of simulating the annual cycle of atmospheric mass transport in 10-70 hPa (I4) ultimately. The deficiency of MIROC3 may be as a result of improper management of ozone. Furthermore, not only at the equator, meridional atmospheric mass transportation also occurs at other latitudes. Whether in winter, summer or annual mean, the differences of mass flux among these models are all notable from 60°S to 60°N. The simulation result of winter is better than summer. No matter in summer, winter and annual mean, IAP_FGOALS1_0_G and NCAR_CCSM3_0 overrate the northern transport between 50°S and 60°S. The all and the one, this study provides not only a fire-new angle of AGCMs evaluation, but also powerful elements while choosing AGCMs for studying atmospheric mass transport and cross-equatorial flow. UKMO_HADGEM1 has good represent while simulating atmospheric mass flux across the equator, and MPI_ECHAM5 show obvious superiority. There are better exhibition of simulation on some special levels about NCAR, GISS and GFDL. The simulation ability of MIROC is not good enough on simulating the whole level and 700—300 hPa, but good enough on ps— 700 hPaand300~70 hPa. Some shortages are emerged in IAP_FGOALS and CNRM model. Therefore, UKMO_HADGEM1 is the preferred model while studying atmospheric mass meridional transform and those concerned.
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