崔新东,刘宇迪,赵增亮,李明华,宋学儒,胥永文. 2016. 三维静力适应过程中声重力波的特性和能量转换研究[J]. 气象学报, 74(1):127-132, doi:10.11676/qxxb2016.012
三维静力适应过程中声重力波的特性和能量转换研究
Study of characteristics of the acoustic gravity wave and energy conversion in the three-dimensional hydrostatic adjustment process
投稿时间:2015-10-08  修订日期:2015-12-29
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2016.012
中文关键词:  静力适应过程  声重力波  解析解  有效势能  有效弹性势能
英文关键词:Hydrostatic adjustment process  Acoustic gravity wave  Analytical solution  Available potential energy  Available elastic energy
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41175089;41575031)。
作者单位E-mail
崔新东 北京应用气象研究所, 北京, 100029  
刘宇迪 解放军理工大学气象海洋学院, 南京, 211101 yd_liu0509@163.com 
赵增亮 北京应用气象研究所, 北京, 100029  
李明华 解放军 61828部队, 喀什, 844200  
宋学儒 解放军 61828部队, 喀什, 844200  
胥永文 解放军 61828部队, 喀什, 844200  
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中文摘要:
      为了研究三维静力适应过程的机理,推导三维静力适应方程组并导出声重力波的频散特征、解析解和能量转换关系以及位涡方程。结果表明,三维静力适应过程实际上就是三维声重力波和重力内波的频散过程,声重力波和重力内波的频率在水平方向上可以区分开来。声重力波的频率随着水平波数和垂直波数的增大而增大。取近轴近似,其解析解在空间上呈螺旋曲面,为大气中热通量和动量从一个区域向另一个区域的输送提供了一种机制,从而为研究大气提供了新的视角。垂直速度在动能与有效势能的转换、有效势能与有效弹性势能的转换中发挥着重要的作用,并且只发生在垂直方向上。在静力适应过程中总能量和位涡是守恒的。适应终态中有效势能比有效弹性势能大一个数量级。
英文摘要:
      In order to research the three-dimensional hydrostatic adjustment mechanism, the dispersion characteristics of acoustic gravity wave, analytical solutions and the energy conversion equation are deduced by the hydrostatic adjustment equations. The results show that the wave of controlling the hydrostatic adjustment process is the dispersion of acoustic gravity wave and internal gravity wave, and the acoustic gravity wave and the internal gravity wave are distinguished by the frequency of the horizontal direction. The frequency of acoustic gravity wave increases with the increasing horizontal and vertical wave number. Taking the paraxial approximation, analytical solutions of the hydrostatic adjustment process exist in the space spiral surface. It can provide an alternative mechanism for channeling heat and momentum from one region to another in the atmosphere and provide a new perspective to cutting edge research in meteorology. Vertical velocity plays an important role in the energy conversion. Conversions between the kinetic energy and the available potential energy, and between the available potential energy and the available elastic energy are only happen in the vertical direction. The hydrostatic adjustment process is in energy conservation and potential vorticity conservation. The magnitude of available potential energy is ten times bigger than that of the available elastic energy in the final equilibrium state.
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