慕丹,李跃清. 2018. 基于ERA-interim再分析资料的近30年九龙低涡气候特征[J]. 气象学报, 76(1):15-31, doi:10.11676/qxxb2017.077
基于ERA-interim再分析资料的近30年九龙低涡气候特征
Climatic characteristics of the Jiulong low vortex in recent 30 years based on the ERA-interim reanalysis data
投稿时间:2017-02-23  修订日期:2017-08-07
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2017.077
中文关键词:  九龙涡  区域分布  多尺度时间变化  移动特征
英文关键词:Jiulong low vortex  Regional distribution  Multi-scale time variation  Moving characteristics
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(91337215)、国家自然科学基金面上项目(41275051)、公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201006053)、四川省应用基础研究计划重点项目(2016JY0046)。
作者单位E-mail
慕丹 成都信息工程大学, 成都, 610225
重庆市石柱土家族自治县气象局, 石柱, 409100 
 
李跃清 中国气象局成都高原气象研究所, 成都, 610072
高原与盆地暴雨旱涝灾害四川省重点实验室, 成都, 610072 
yueqingli@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      利用ERA-interim再分析资料,统计分析了1986年1月1日—2015年12月31日不同生命史九龙涡的时空分布特征和活动规律。结果表明:持续1—2个时次的九龙涡(T1-2JLV)和3—4个时次的九龙涡(T3-4JLV)初生高频中心位于27°—28.5°N,100°—101.5°E,持续5—6个时次的九龙涡(T5-6JLV)初生高频中心位于29°—30.5°N,102°—103.5°E,持续时间大于7个时次的九龙涡(T≥7JLV)初生高频中心位于28°—29.5°N,101.5°—103.5°E,生命史越长越易生成于四川盆地的西南部;九龙涡生成频数30年呈增长趋势,但近几年呈下降趋势;九龙涡生成频数随月份大致呈先增加后减少的变化趋势,1—5月随月份增加,5—12月随月份减少,5月最大,9月最小,3月T1-2JLV生成最多,9月最少,4月T3-4JLV生成最多,12月最少,6月T5-6JLV、T≥7JLV生成最多,1—4月无T5-6JLV生成,12月T≥7JLV生成最少,夏季九龙涡频数虽不是最高,但最易生成长生命史九龙涡,且最易移出源地;生命史低于24 h的九龙涡(T1-2JLV、T3-4JLV)夜发性不突出,生命史超过24 h的九龙涡(T5-6JLV、T≥7JLV)具有显著的夜发性特征;移出源地的九龙涡频数随月份表现出先增加后减少的变化趋势,1—6月随月份增加,6—12月随月份减少,6月移出源地的频数最多。T≥7JLV的移动路径以偏东路径为主,6月后有东南路径和东北路径,T5-6JLV移出路径只有偏东路径和东北路径,生命史小于24 h的九龙涡由于靠近统计区边缘地区也有可能移出源地。
英文摘要:
      Based on the ERA-interim reanalysis data, the weather processes that are associated with the Jiulong low vortex (JLV) have been counted and analyzed during the period of 1 January 1986 to 31 December 2015. The result suggests that T1-2JLVs with a lifespan of 1-2 hours and T3-4JLVs with a lifespan of 3-4 hours usually occur at 100°-101.5°E, 27°-28.5°N; T5-6JLVs with a life span of 5-6 hours usually occur at 102°-103.5°E, 29°-30.3°N, T≥7JLVs with a life span of more than 7 hours usually occur at 101.5°-103.5°E,28°-29.5°N, and vortexes with even longer life spans often occur at the southwestern gap of Sichuan Basin. The occurrence frequency of Jiulong low vortex increased during the past 30 years, but decreased in recent years. Annually, the frequency increases first and then gradually decreases with month, i.e., it increases from January to May and decreases from May to December with the maximum in May and the minimum in September. T1-2JLVs occur most frequently in March and least frequently in September, T3-4JLVs occur most frequently in April and least frequently in December, T5-6JLVs and T≥7JLVs occur most frequently in June, T5-6JLVs never occur from January to April, and T≥7 JLVs occur least frequently in December. Summer is not the highest frequency season for Jiulong low vortex occurrence, but it is the easiest time for long life span Jiulong low vortexes to form and move out of the genesis place. The Jiulong low vortexes with life spans more than 24 hours (T5-6JLV、T≥7JLV) occur more frequently in the night than in the daytime, whereas the nighttime occurrence of vortexes with life spans less than 24 hours (T1-2JLV, T3-4JLV) are not obvious. The frequency of Jiulong low vortexes that can move out of their genesis field first increases and then decreases gradually with month, i.e. the frequency increases from January to June and decreases from June to December with the maximum in June. T≥7JLVs mainly move forward following the east path at the first several months, and then follow the southeast path and the northeast path after July. T5-6JLVs move forward only following the east and northeast paths. The Jiulong vortexes with the life span of less than 24 hours may move out of the genesis place because they occur near the edge of the statistical area.
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