丁一汇,胡雯,黄勇,陈凤娇. 2020. 淮河流域能量和水分循环研究进展[J]. 气象学报, 78(5):721-734, doi:10.11676/qxxb2020.064
淮河流域能量和水分循环研究进展
The main scientific achievements of the first China-Japan cooperative GAME/HUBEX experiments:A historical review
投稿时间:2020-04-26  修订日期:2020-07-13
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2020.064
中文关键词:  梅雨  淮河流域  能量和水循环  气象与水文观测  淮河流域能量与水循环试验/全球能量与水循环计划
英文关键词:Meiyu  Huaihe River Basin  Energy and water cycle  Meteorological and hydrological observations  HUBEX/GEWEX
基金项目:中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA20100304)、国家自然科学基金项目(41790471)
作者单位
丁一汇 国家气候中心北京100081 
胡雯 安徽省气象局大气科学与卫星遥感安徽省重点实验室合肥230031
寿县国家气候观象台/中国气象局淮河流域典型农田生态气象野外科学试验基地寿县232200 
黄勇 安徽省气象局大气科学与卫星遥感安徽省重点实验室合肥230031
寿县国家气候观象台/中国气象局淮河流域典型农田生态气象野外科学试验基地寿县232200 
陈凤娇 安徽省气象局大气科学与卫星遥感安徽省重点实验室合肥230031
寿县国家气候观象台/中国气象局淮河流域典型农田生态气象野外科学试验基地寿县232200 
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中文摘要:
      1998和1999年夏,中国与日本科学家合作在安徽省淮河流域进行了第一次大规模的能量与水循环试验(WCRP/GEWEX/GAME/HUBEX),其重点是研究东亚梅雨锋系的多尺度,多系统结构、特征、生命史、发生发展机理及其引起洪涝灾害的原因。这是第一次中日合作的气象与水文联合观测试验,在此加强观测的基础上,双方进一步进行了长达5年的资料整理分析和科学研究工作,整个淮河流域能量与水循环试验与研究取得了全面和丰硕的成果。文中介绍了该计划所取得的主要成果,并以现在科学进展的视野重新评估这些成果的科学意义和不足,为进一步开展新的淮河与长江中下游梅雨科学联合试验提供经验和新的研究目标。
英文摘要:
      In the summers of 1998 and 1999, Chinese and Japanese scientists cooperatively conducted the first large-scale energy and water cycle experiment in the Huaihe River Basin, Anhui province of China (WCRP/GEWEX/GAME/HUBEX). The major objective of this field experiment (HUBEX) was to investigate the multiple-scale structure characteristics, the life cycles, the genesis and development mechanisms of the Meiyu system in East Asia as well as the cause of related flooding disasters. It was a joint China-Japan cooperative meteorological and hydrological observation experiment. On this basis of the intensive observations, the two partners continued to conduct a follow-up research for another five years to collate and compile data, and perform analysis and scientific research. It can be concluded that the HUBEX project had yielded comprehensive and remarkable achievements. This paper introduces the major scientific results derived from this project and reassesses their merits and shortages for the purpose to provide useful experiences and propose new research targets as well as prospects for the initiation of a new joint scientific Meiyu experiment in the middle and lower Yangtze River Basin.
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